Before there was TiVo, there were VCRs. Before that, there were reel-to-reel VTRs. Generally considered to be the first home video recorder is the stunningly large Ampex Signature V combination reel to reel video recorder, console television and hifi system. Circa 1963, and would have set you back $30,000. By the way, this was in 1963 dollars! This gem weighed in at over 900 lbs! It also included a bulky camera too!
If you enjoy checking out this sort of thing, rewindmuseum.com is a fun website. As the website originates from across the pond, much of the gear covered was available only in europe. Well worth a visit either way.